Hello friends, Let us tell you that you know that there are many microbes in our body whose number is in trillions. But they do not harm our body but perform many important functions like digestion and maintaining metabolic rate balance, which helps our body to function properly. But pathogens are not so good at all, rather their role is like the villain of a movie.
That means just creating problems and putting our lives in danger. Although these pathogens are close cousins of microbes, they have completely different thinking from them, because they only like to cause harm and their strategy is also so dangerous that they can even risk the life of the person from whom they get food. Fall behind. That is, they consider it both their duty and pleasure to make him sick. Now, before you get confused here, let me tell you that these pathogens are microorganisms that can cause disease. You can also call them infection agents and zombie pathogens. Animals, plants, and humans all cause diseases.
Some of such diseases occurring in animals are Foot and Mouth Disease, Rift Valley Fever, Avian Influenza, African Swine Fever, African Horse Sickness, etc. Similarly, plants also cannot escape from pathogens and some diseases occur on plants due to pathogens. This is bacterial. Canker rot, leaf blister, mosaic excess, and other diseases caused by these infectious agents in humans are called pathogen diseases. And today in the article, we will learn about pathogens and diseases affecting the human body.
Pathogens cause many diseases in humans, but it is not that all diseases are caused by pathogens, rather there are many other causes of human diseases like toxins, genetic disorders, and our immune system. Not every pathogen causes dangerous diseases, but the diseases they spread and their intensity are different. Some infections are very mild while others may prove to be dangerous like normal, cold, and cobi.
Both of these are virus-generated diseases. But you must have understood how much difference there is between the two. Now what are these pathogens, It is known that these are germs that are the cause of many diseases in our bodies. But to know where they come from, how and which diseases they cause, and what we should do to avoid them, you must watch this video completely so that you can know a lot about pathogens. So let us move forward with the video and now let us tell you that there are many types of pathogens and they have five major types, out of which you also know about many types and these are the types. Bacteria, Viruses, Fungus, Protozoa, and Helminth. So these are five types.
But the question is how do they come into our body? So, pathogens enter our body through skin contact, body fluids such as blood, saliva and tears, air, infected water, and food, or touching infected surfaces by eating food. And after the arrival of Coronavirus, we all know how germs i.e. pathogens can enter our body, then why do pathogens enter our body and what do these pathogens do after entering? Talking about the answer, every type of pathogen needs a host body to survive. Like, After entering our bodies, they start increasing their numbers very easily and very fast and enjoy with family inside our bodies very comfortably. And when their number increases a lot, our body’s immune system also gets affected and symptoms of the disease also start appearing.
After which we fall ill and wander here and there in pain. They spread diseases in the human body so fast that sometimes we do not understand why we are having pain in our stomachs. Why are we feeling nervous or where has our appetite gone as soon as they are shown the way out through medicines, they start looking for another host without feeling bad. Because the purpose of their life is very clear, only to spread the disease. Now that we know the purpose of life of pathogens, let us know a little more about these villains.
First of all, let’s know about bacteria. While billions of cells are present in our body, bacteria are microscopic organisms that are made up of only one cell. But their shape features are of many types. These are so adjustable that hands can remain in the soil anywhere. In water and also in our body. You know that not every bacteria is bad, but those that cause bad jaundice and cause infection are called pathogen bacteria and the diseases caused by them include diseases like typhoid, cholera, diphtheria, tetanus, and malaria.
After knowing about bacteria, let us now talk about viruses. Viruses are made up of a single piece of genetic code such as DNA or RNA and are protected by a protein coating. Their size is even smaller than bacteria i.e. the largest virus. Moles are smaller than bacteria. Viruses cannot survive without a host because they need living cells to survive, which are present in the human body, animals, and plants, and outside the living cells they can survive for a very short time. As soon as they enter our body, they start producing more viruses. They attack the liver, respiratory system, and blood cells and in many cases the virus even targets bacteria. This can enter the human body in many ways such as with breath, saliva, tears, and even blood. You will understand just by hearing the name how many dangerous diseases they are responsible for and the pathogen is a virus-generated disease. Any dieting, measles, chicken pox, HIV, dengue, hepatitis, and as the intensity of every virus is different, the common cold is also the result of the virus.
Now comes the turn of fungi. This is the same fungus that can often be seen on spoiling pickles and jams and black fungus infection is also caused by this pathogen. Let us tell you that fungus in floral form is called Fungi. Thankfully, of the millions of fungal species on Earth, only a few are pathogenic. These are much more complicated organisms in comparison to viruses and bacteria because they have many cells and their structure is quite similar to animal structures. This can be found everywhere. Outside your house, inside your house, and even inside your body. With breathing, fungal spores easily enter our body and start infecting the skin and lungs. Their structure is quite hard which does not allow it to break easily. Ringworm is caused by fungal infection. Apart from this, athlete’s foot, fungal infection, and oral thrush are also some such infections.
And now it is the turn of protozoa at number four. You might not have heard this name much, but you must have read about amoeba in science and it is a protozoan. You also know about malaria. Protozoa are single-cell organisms that are available in many sizes and shapes. They can live in water as well as soil. When these protozoa enter the human body by using dirty salty water or through animals, their numbers increase rapidly and make the host body sick. So apart from malaria, diseases caused by protozoa also include diseases like sleeping sickness and dialysis.
And now let’s talk about helmets. You may have hardly ever heard this name, but you must have definitely heard about stomach worms which often cause stomach aches in children. Those insects are members of this pathogen family. These helmets are made of many cells and their size can range from one millimeter to one meter. These are also called parasite worms. They live comfortably in many areas of the human body take food from there and digest all the nutrition of the body due to which the human body starts falling sick. By using infected toilets, infected food, dirty hands, and by using service hands where eggs of these worms are present, they make a way to enter our bodies. The diseases caused by these include many diseases like SK rice, hookworm, and dragon Q lichen. In this way, there are five major types of pathogens.
But the question is what should be done to prevent them. So you must have got some idea of this during the Article itself. That means cleanliness should be taken full care of in every way. Wash hands thoroughly frequently. Keep food and water clean. Do not share personal items like brushes, razors, etc. and also get vaccinated as needed. Avoid taking an overdose of medicines like anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal, and consult a doctor according to the health problem. In this way, by taking full care of cleanliness and being aware of your health, you can protect your health from pathogens and we hope that Article has been able to increase your knowledge about pathogens and also informatics and helpful for you. Will be proved.